Garden ideas – 30 beautiful designs you'll love for your yard

Trending 1 week ago 6

Garden ideas tin screen everything from a speedy improvement, specified arsenic coating architectural features successful the caller bold colours, to much considered large-scale projects, specified arsenic redesigning a abstraction oregon adding a terrace. 

Right now, our patios, backyards, balconies and terraces are our go-to spaces. They person the powerfulness to make the peace, intent and pleasance we each request successful our lives. 

So, if you're looking for plot inspiration and plan ideas for your outdoor spaces, look nary further than our prime of the champion plot ideas for immoderate size oregon signifier of space.

Best plot ideas 20211. Create a view

Garden eating  array  overlooking a view

(Image credit: Claire Merriman Design)

Designing a vista that you tin bask conscionable a measurement from your spot is apical of the plot ideas privation list. Think astir however entertaining spaces tin travel retired from the location with seating areas and astute patio ideas.

In this full overhaul of an overgrown 5 acre site, cardinal to the plan is the ample terrace country that sweeps astir the location allowing views consecutive retired from the room and surviving country crossed colourful borders to the water and wildflower meadow beyond. 

‘To support those views, patio planting crossed the terrace is predominantly debased with swathes of colour from Lavandula angustifolia ‘Hidcote’, Rosmarinus ‘Tuscan Blue’ and Veronica umbrosa ‘Georgia Blue’,' says Claire Merriman of Claire Merriman Design (opens successful caller tab)

'Repeated spheres of Elaeagnus ebbingei, Hebe topiaria and Pittosporum tobira Nanum propulsion the areas of the terrace unneurotic portion stunning multi-stem Koelreuteria paniculata trees let views retired into the wider landscape.’

Pots connected the terrace let seasonal planting to beryllium added passim the year.

2. Design with h2o successful mind

An illustration  of plot  ideas with a h2o  diagnostic   showing a chromatic  trough surrounded by leaves

(Image credit: Butter Wakefield)

Water is simply a fantastic constituent to incorporated into outdoor spaces. Not lone volition it pull wildlife but the show and dependable tin beryllium incredibly soothing particularly successful municipality scenarios.

‘The magnificent standard of an antique limestone trough adds contiguous value to this metropolis garden,’ says plot decorator Butter Wakefield (opens successful caller tab). ‘It effortlessly creates a consciousness of play whilst providing a focal constituent to the immense broadside elevation of the house.’

Frame a trough similar this with a operation of achromatic and airy pinkish climbing roses and the evergreen Jasmin Trachelospermum.

 3. Divide a ample tract with hedges

Garden tract   with pleached trees successful  background

(Image credit: Charlotte Rowe)

‘Over-large lawns tin consciousness purpose-less,’ says decorator Charlotte Rowe (opens successful caller tab). Dividing the abstraction into plot rooms volition guarantee that greenish spaces person antithetic purposes, specified arsenic a terrace country for eating oregon a spot for increasing vegetables.

In this project, a rethink of a 600 quadrate metre plot resulted successful 2 lawns separated by layers of container and hornbeam arsenic good arsenic pleached hornbeam trees. 

‘The pleached cardinal hedge cleverly divides the garden, but besides allows views down into the shadier portion of the plot wherever the owners person raised plot beds with vegetables and salads arsenic good arsenic a plot shed,’ adds Charlotte Rowe.

Subtle lighting makes this plot atmospheric astatine nighttime – cardinal trees and pleached hornbeams are uplit portion Cor-Ten alloy posts, with a rusty finish, make debased level lighting on the gravel paths.

This is 1 of galore backyard landscaping ideas for bigger gardens.

4. Create beingness and proportion

Garden ideas showing a manicured tract   and shaped hedges successful  the summer

(Image credit: Joanne Alderson)

In large unfastened spaces, this is 1 of those plot ideas wherever it is imaginable to make involvement and intrigue with large-scale topiary and symmetry. The classical Georgian benignant location successful this project, designed by Jo Alderson Phillips (opens successful caller tab) and Rob Jones, needed a plot of adjacent beingness and proportionality and was built connected the tract of a neglected tennis court. 

‘The anchors present are a succession of yew topiary domes starring done each colour coordinated plot with the owner’s sculptures creating beauteous show lines,’ accidental the designers. ‘We bought the topiary, which each weighed 2 tonnes, astatine Solitair successful Belgium, a nursery that specialises successful these fantastic mature specimens.’

Hedges and intriguing doorways astir the plot are planted with Ilex crenata ‘Dark Green’ (Japanese box) and much structural evergreens are provided by umbrella pruned Pinus sylvestris with Osmanthus fragrans providing scent aboriginal successful the year.

5. Define a path

Garden way  with lavender hedge and a chromatic  bench

(Image credit: Charlotte Rowe)

Whatever the signifier oregon size of your garden, it volition astir surely person a way that travels from the backmost doorway to the extremity of your garden. Think astir the relation arsenic good arsenic aesthetic erstwhile looking astatine garden way ideas and deciding connected the enactment oregon curve of your path.

In this plot by Charlotte Rowe, successful the acold extremity of the plot a swathe of Lavandula angustifolia ‘Munstead’ fragrances the aerial alongside the path, providing summertime nectar for the bees. Understated chunky woody benches are placed connected the different broadside and nether the shadiness of the garden’s mature trees to make a spot to beryllium and respect the garden.

6. Install a fireplace

Garden fireplace with eating  array  and swimming pool

(Image credit: Focus Fireplaces)

Whatever the play oregon climate, a imperishable outdoor fireplace is simply a plan focal constituent arsenic good arsenic a root of vigor successful the cooler times of the day.

According to Focus fireplaces (opens successful caller tab) adept Guillaume Malaise, ‘The Miofocus (shown), similar each our outdoor models, should beryllium installed nether a protected country and beryllium located astatine slightest 10km from the coast. The flue outlet indispensable besides beryllium connected to a chimney stack with a cowl.’ 

Bear successful caput that these kinds of fireplaces request to person specializer installation and look for precocious quality, compact outdoor fires that tin withstand year-round upwind conditions and use.

Our favourite pool ideas are similar that of the abstraction supra – with the excavation different portion wrong the plot design, alternatively than a separate, walled-off abstraction – though information is ever an contented with young children.

7. Be bold with color

Garden columns painted turquoise with agleam  yellowish  pots

(Image credit: Little Greene)

Color is the caller oculus catcher for plot ideas. It's often the norm successful classical gardens to overgarment outdoor details successful harmonious colors to blend successful with surroundings, but outdoor worthy overgarment formulas are meaning that we tin overgarment architectural features, specified arsenic pillars, garden walls and screens successful each mode of uplifting hues.

‘We emotion the thought of adding unsocial combinations to make a Mediterranean consciousness amongst acheronian greenish foliage,' says Ruth Mottershead, Creative Director of Little Greene (opens successful caller tab).  

Pair a piercing bluish overgarment similar 'Marine Blue' connected architectural details and pillars with a deed of agleam sunshine yellowish utilizing works pots painted successful 'Mister David'.

8. Create a nighttime garden

Garden astatine  nighttime  with drawstring  lighting

(Image credit: Vincent Sheppard)

Good outdoor lighting ideas are cardinal to creating a cleanable ambience outdoors and adds a definite je ne sais quoi to societal events. Chosen carefully, it submerges everything successful a lukewarm glow portion adding a magical interaction to your evening. 

‘Garland lights are a classical mode to make a celebratory ambiance arsenic nighttime falls – a small extortion of airy which virtually brings radical person together,’ says Coralie Claeys, Managing Director of Vincent Sheppard (opens successful caller tab)

These ‘Light My Table’ drawstring lights tin beryllium clipped onto the sides of a array and don’t request to beryllium fixed to thing nearby.

9. Be playful with sculpture

A mirrored plot  sculpture

(Image credit: David Harber)

When embellishing the plot with further decoration similar a sculpture, see its surrounding situation and the interaction your garden decor ideas whitethorn person connected your chosen plan and wide space. 

‘Decorative items tin some harmonize with their contiguous surroundings successful tone, texture and signifier or, indeed, make a striking contrast,’ says sculptor David Harber (opens successful caller tab)

‘For example, a bright, bold reflective metallic portion volition some reflector its contiguous situation and efficaciously get quality and charm from the planting and landscaping surrounding it.’

10. Take tiles from wrong to outside

outdoor room  with eating  array  and pizza oven

(Image credit: Little Greene)

Incorporating decorative tiles into an outdoor strategy tin make a modulation from the location to the garden. This tin beryllium peculiarly effectual if the aforesaid tiles are utilized wrong and retired creating a fluid enactment from interior to exterior.  

'Decorative tiles besides enactment peculiarly good successful tiny gardens,' says Lee Thornley, laminitis of Bert and May (opens successful caller tab), 'and tin assistance to specify zones.'

Lay them connected the level and up walls to make an inviting diagnostic oregon outdoor country – this works peculiarly good if you are looking for outdoor room ideas which demands a earthy modulation betwixt indoors and out.

11. Use screens to specify areas

Garden with sofa and surface  successful  front

(Image credit: Screen with Envy)

Garden screens are 1 of those plot ideas that are an fantabulous mode to make small sanctuaries. Great for providing some garden privacy from neighbours and immoderate faraway escapism with beauteous Moroccan inspired fretwork. 

‘Be originative with the screens you use, utilizing them to conception disconnected areas of your extracurricular abstraction to make circumstantial relaxation zones,’ says Sophie Birkert, laminitis of Screen with Envy (opens successful caller tab). ‘2021 has seen the location go multifunctional and this tin beryllium extended into the garden, with antithetic sectioned disconnected areas designated for antithetic activities.’

How astir a kids-only country and a cozy snug conscionable for the adults?

12. Choose furnishings to last

Garden eating  array  with bluish  partition  successful  background

(Image credit: Little Greene)

When buying plot furniture, it’s important to deliberation astir maximising its use. Look astatine arrangements that absorption connected comfortableness which volition acceptable the country for a lazy brunch, oregon astute armchairs which adhd a small glamour for cocktail hour. 

‘Sun-soaked spaces are perfect for al fresco entertaining, truthful take lightweight furnishings that you are capable to determination your seating to travel the champion light,’ says Barlow Tyrie (opens successful caller tab).

A pedestal array with taller legs volition make elegant agelong shadows arsenic clip passes, and a precocious vantage constituent dramatically enhances your presumption of the plot and beyond.

13. Plant a agelong border

Garden with agelong  border

(Image credit: Greencube)

The concealed to a palmy agelong borderline is planting passim the seasons. In the sunny flower furniture idea above, a purple, achromatic and pinkish fusion was planted by Mandy Buckland of Greencube (opens successful caller tab).

‘The backbone operation includes Taxus domes and Hydrangea 'Madame Emille Mouillere’ but successful June it is clip for the herbaceous perennials to inject immoderate colour,' says Mandy. 

‘I planted Nepeta 'Walkers Low’ on with Salvia ‘Caradonna’ with added Foxglove seeds to supply vertical tallness arsenic good arsenic Allium 'Mount Evereste'. Geranium ‘Rozanne’ covers the crushed and keeps the weeds out, filling the gaps a workhorse of the mix, this matrix planting changes passim the seasons. Next are the Pennisetum ornamental grasses on with the Hydrangeas to instrumentality the borderline into Autumn.’

Remember to adhd tallness and opposition successful the background. Mandy Buckland included modular Ilex 'Nellie R Stevens’ trees to adhd involvement to the inheritance Beech hedge.

14. Add a firepit area

Garden firepit

(Image credit: Magma Firepits)

A moveable vigor root successful the plot means we tin enactment retired longer and aboriginal immoderate the season. Choose from firepits, chimneas, and bowls.

‘I person a firepit successful my plot that besides doubles up arsenic a barbecue,’ says decorator Sarah Vanrenen (opens successful caller tab), ‘and we bask galore nights extracurricular by the occurrence cooking and keeping lukewarm astatine the aforesaid time.’

Create a portion successful your outdoor abstraction that feels similar an outdoor surviving room oregon cozy nook. 

‘Sometimes a patio tin beryllium daunting due to the fact that determination are nary defining walls oregon parameters truthful I often dainty gardens arsenic I bash houses, and marque “rooms”, by compartmentalising with planting to marque antithetic and absorbing areas to spell to and to beryllium in,' adds Sarah. 

15. Make your plot bee-friendly

A bee sits connected  a purple flower

(Image credit: Future/Val Corbett)

Every plot careless of size tin beryllium some bee affable and beautiful. Bees, similar us, favour flowers with bountiful unfastened blooms, and agelong flowering seasons. 

‘Bees are aft pollen and nectar and generous examples see geraniums, lavender, unfastened dahlias and globe thistle,’ says Sean McMenemy, Director of Ark Wildlife (opens successful caller tab). ‘Plus herbs specified arsenic marjoram, sage and chives and flowering shrubs similar buddleia, cotoneaster and pome blossom.’

Why not marque a bee ‘nectar filling station’? It’s simply a cookware oregon pots filled with nectar giving flowers and a shallow crockery of h2o (bees request to drink). Make definite you support flowers blooming successful the cookware from March to September by changing them arsenic they fade.

16. Position a pergola

Garden with excavation  and pergola

(Image credit: Future / Mark Bolton)

A pergola is simply a elemental mode to make an enclosed abstraction with a smattering of fragrance if the close plants are incorporated. Be definite of your reasons for embarking connected this benignant of task earlier you get going arsenic size, presumption and readying support each request to beryllium considered erstwhile you're looking astatine pergola ideas.

‘Only person a pergola oregon an arbour if you deliberation you perfectly request one,’ says decorator Charlotte Rowe (opens successful caller tab). ‘I accidental this, arsenic often radical deliberation that they volition springiness you structure from the rainfall erstwhile successful information they truly don’t and are much utile arsenic a garden shadiness idea providing shadiness from the sun. So my archetypal extremity would beryllium to deliberation cautiously astir whether a pergola oregon arbour volition adhd worth to your plot and beryllium definite that it volition not springiness you excessively overmuch shade!’

Then see position. You tin make a consciousness of romance with your chosen placement. 

Garden decorator Rebecca Smith (opens successful caller tab) recommends a pergola that arches implicit a way done the plot to make a shaded and scented tunnel: ‘In a long garden, a pergola placed astatine the extremity of the plot tin make a “destination” for antithetic times of time and tin besides assistance surface a store oregon plot shed for view,’ she says.

17. Dress your space

A plot  patio with pick  and pinkish  sofa set

(Image credit: Neptune)

When designing an outdoor abstraction it’s important to see a fig of things, chiefly comfy seating, lighting and texture. 

‘Our Hayburn sofas are the cleanable mode to harvester comfortableness and relaxation with modern aesthetic and businesslike design,’ says George Miller, Home Designer astatine Neptune (opens successful caller tab), of the brand's patio furnishings ideas.

‘With deep-seated cushions and an all-weather wicker-weave base, the seating has been designed to beryllium extracurricular rainfall oregon shine. Add a elemental sheepskin oregon propulsion to ward disconnected the chill evening chill and scatter cushions for a driblet of color. Dressing your abstraction with layers volition make character, property and an inviting atmosphere.'

As for lighting, weather-proof cordless lamps and festoon lights are some cleanable for sliding into the darker nights. 

18. Consider pavers

Garden with pavers, fireplace and chair

(Image credit: Little Greene)

In their assorted finishes – ranging from wood oregon chromatic effects to tactile surfaces that lucifer factual – tiles harvester superlative quality with outstanding longevity. 

Be definite that immoderate you take for your patio the materials are resistant to loads, slipping, frost, thermal shock, mould, stains and the enactment of chemicals including salt, often utilized to forestall crystal connected outdoor surfaces. 

Gardens, patios oregon paths crossed lawns tin beryllium laid adust connected soil and gravel for a modern instrumentality and facilitates drainage. 

19. Work with a plot designer

An illustration  of cottage plot  ideas with a meadow and a rustic fence

(Image credit: Farlam and Chandler)

In the UK, The Society of Garden Designers (opens successful caller tab) (SGD) is simply a large spot to commencement your search, arsenic the registered designers person each been taxable to scrutiny and the adjudication of their projects, with the letters MSGD and FSGD denoting a qualified member. 

‘Most designers are “civil engineers” with a emotion of plants, meaning that the full task comes nether their jurisdiction,’ says Louisa Bell MSGD.

But it’s not conscionable astir the method side. ‘A bully decorator has the imaginativeness to make a bespoke plan for you,' says Juliet Sargeant FSGD, 'plus the ingenuity to lick the tract problems and the applicable acquisition to instrumentality the plans cost-effectively.’ 

Being wide astir your needs from the offset volition assistance with the plan process and a bully decorator volition marque definite to gully retired each item astir precisely what your wants and needs are – knowing how to committee a plot designer volition assistance get the champion from them. 

‘The champion projects are formed by a large moving narration and the process is fun. The close decorator volition beryllium capable to assistance successful the close way,’ adhd Ben Chandler of Farlam & Chandler (opens successful caller tab)

21. Plant a cottage garden

Garden with bistro acceptable   connected  patio

(Image credit: Rosemary Coldstream)

Traditional cottage plot ideas encapsulate a hand-made, do-it-yourself benignant of gardening. When it comes to planting see a premix of elemental flowers and edible plants. 

‘Always deliberation close plant, close place’,' says plot decorator Rosemary Coldstream (opens successful caller tab)

Roses are the archetypal prime but they indispensable beryllium scented. Then adhd tallness with Hollyhocks, Delphiniums and Foxgloves. For different angiosperm shapes effort the level panicles of Achillea, shot shaped inflorescences of Globe Thistle (Echinops ritro) oregon cheerful daisy flowers of Leucanthemum oregon Rudbeckia.

‘Scented, herbal and healing varieties volition by explanation beryllium beneficial to butterflies and bees, and erstwhile combined with immoderate bully operation you volition person a cocoa container representation of an English garden,’ adds Debbie Roberts of Acres Wild (opens successful caller tab).

22. Define a abstraction with a rug

Garden with an outdoor rug

(Image credit: nanimarquina)

For courtyard gardens, roof gardens, terraces, yards oregon different outdoor areas, a rug is simply a utile mode to specify a portion and make a purposeful area. Go for an outdoor rug that has the plan and consciousness of its indoor cousins but is h2o and weatherproof. 

‘I similar to plan rugs that are visually amazing, that radical volition enjoy,’ says Nani Marquina of nanimarquina (opens successful caller tab).

Choose materials that are upwind resistant specified arsenic recycled PET fibre that gives a 2nd lease of beingness to integrative bottles, guaranteeing the traceability and certification of the materials and the manufacturing processes.

How tin I marque my plot look much beautiful?

‘Designing’ our gardens arsenic opposed to conscionable ‘gardening’ our outdoor spaces is the starting constituent for the nirvana of a ‘beautiful’ garden. Just similar a good-looking room, the instrumentality to how to program a garden perfectly is to see however the abstraction is used, however you privation it to marque you feel, the colour palette, the property and the functionality. 

Designer Ben Chandler of Farlam & Chandler (opens successful caller tab) takes a look astatine the owner’s tastes erstwhile it comes to defining the close benignant for a task - and you tin instrumentality the aforesaid approach. 

‘We inquire our clients what they bask astir gardens, whether they person favourite gardens oregon houses they person visited and if they person favourite plants,’ helium says. 

Here’s what to consider:

A blistery  tub successful  beforehand   of a log compartment  with an outdoor fireplace

(Image credit: Future)

Think astir the abstraction arsenic a whole. Is it pleasing to the eye? Does the abstraction travel from country to area? Drawing the oculus to a bid of focal points gives the plot multi-dimensional interest. Small trees that look bully successful each seasons, specified arsenic the Himalayan Birch ‘Grayswood Ghost’, are a mode to punctuate an area. But structures, furnishings and objects, specified arsenic an outdoor rug oregon mirror, besides work. How bash you privation to consciousness successful your garden? Emotions play a large portion successful however we acquisition a space. Make a database of what’s important to you. For instance, bash you privation to consciousness relaxed? Then a blistery tub, sauna oregon a yoga abstraction could beryllium a bully idea. Is amusive and play important? Perhaps a games country wherever a tennis table, petanque oregon array shot would beryllium worthy considering. Play with the senses. A plot that genuinely nourishes the psyche is not each astir looks – scent, sound, movement, airy and texture each person a role, too, and adding them to the premix volition marque your crippled other special. For a sensory garden, harvester touchy-feely grasses, specified arsenic Stipa tenuissima, with the highly scented, brightly coloured blooms of oriental lilies. Cover pergolas successful wisteria and roses to perfume the air. Make it functional. Many of america are trying to marque the astir of plot spaces. We’re truly looking to our gardens arsenic a abstraction for connecting with friends and family, truthful having the capableness for socialising is essential. Outdoor kitchens are the cleanable illustration of this arsenic cooking tin beryllium specified a communal activity. The amusive doesn’t person to halt astatine barbecues either – you tin physique up a full room country implicit with grill, pizza oven and prep area. External showers and baths are besides blistery connected everyone’s lips particularly for coastal oregon lakeside properties. An outdoor ablution oregon bath couldn’t beryllium easier to fit. Hot h2o tin beryllium installed easy adjacent to oregon adjacent an existing exterior pat oregon connected immoderate partition that has a cloakroom, bath oregon room connected the different side. You whitethorn besides privation to see areas for growing, composting and storage.Colour theming is the icing connected the cake. What palette bash you privation to execute - each white, purples and greens, a colour spectrum? Research flowers, trees and shrubs that acceptable your taxable and enactment towards a constricted palette of maximum 5 colours.

An outdoor ablution  adjacent  to a achromatic  woody  gathering  with a agleam  yellowish  towel adjacent  by

(Image credit: Plumbworld)

How tin I marque my plot easier to look after?

Let’s look it gardening tin beryllium clip consuming and sometimes we conscionable don’t person the patience oregon inclination to thin to our greenish spaces. Here are a fewer elemental plot ideas to marque beingness a small easier...

Zoning your outdoor abstraction into areas oregon ‘rooms’ is simply a fashionable trick. Pergolas, trellis dividers, archways, walls, hedges and doors tin each beryllium utilized to disagreement adjacent a plot into 2 oregon much smaller areas, each with their ain idiosyncratic temper oregon uses. Garden zoning makes caring and tending much manageable and connected the positive broadside adds involvement and allows you to incorporated antithetic plot styles        Know your plants. Reading up connected the preferred increasing conditions of plants earlier you bargain them volition prevention you time, vigor and money. Sun-loving roses, for instance, won’t convey you for being enactment successful the dark, whereas the ‘Olivia’ from David Austin Roses, volition thrive successful shaded areas. Self-seeders, specified arsenic poppies, aquilegia, hide maine knots, volition travel backmost twelvemonth aft twelvemonth with precise small maintenance.Hard landscaping is an casual triumph arsenic it cuts down connected tract mowing and maintenance. Large areas of pavers oregon tiles tin easy look dull, but determination are ways to bring it to life. You tin alteration pedestrian grey paving by replacing a fewer slabs with a quadrate of tract turf oregon herbs, specified arsenic thyme and camomile, creating an charismatic chessboard effect. Laying a caller way oregon patio? Go for sustainable chromatic successful a benignant that suits your outdoor space. Herringbone ceramic gives the consciousness of a cottage garden, portion travertine paving injects a modern air. Pea gravel looks bully anywhere, positive it deters burglars! 

Large terracotta pots filled with greenish  grasses connected  a ceramic  patio

(Image credit: Future)

What are bully themes for a garden?

There are a myriad of plot styles the satellite implicit that tin follow oregon usage arsenic inspiration for our ain gardens. The pursuing plot ideas volition assistance you...

Wild meadow ‘Habitats for our autochthonal wildlife are shrinking – but it doesn’t person to beryllium this way. Planting wildflowers arsenic good arsenic giving quality abstraction to retrieve by leaving areas of gardens to spell chaotic each makes a difference.’ So says Mark Wright, Director of Science astatine the WWF.  The archetypal measurement is shifting your mindset astir gardening. Don’t beryllium acrophobic to fto your outdoor spaces turn a small chaotic arsenic wildflower habitats person traditionally provided a location for bees and beetles to birds and tiny animals to thrive in! Choose astatine slightest immoderate plants that are autochthonal – whether trees oregon shrubs, hedges oregon wildflowers – and others that are charismatic to insects. For example, buddleia is large for butterflies, whilst lavender, Verbena bonariensis and Echinops each supply pollen and nectar for bees.

Woodland If you unrecorded successful a agrarian area, you whitethorn already person the making of a plot dominated by autochthonal trees and vertical climbers. Look to the basal of those trees for signs of the ‘woodlanders’ arsenic gardener Carol Klein calls them. Snowdrops, bluebells, aconites, epimediums and hellebores are emblematic tiny plants that emotion the shadiness and damp conditions. You tin physique upon this situation by planting by the seasons: outpouring bulbs specified arsenic cyclamen and narcissus, taller summertime bulbs specified lilies, mixed with unfurling and fronded ferns and absorbing coloured barks.