How to create a Mediterranean garden – planting, landscaping and design advice

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Recreating the consciousness of a Mediterranean plot is easier than you mightiness imagine. Plus, with predictions of continuing hot, adust summers, making our gardens much resistant to drought is progressively important.

A Mediterranean plot brims with debased maintenance, fragrant and architectural plants; gravel and paving takes the places of time-consuming lawns, and seating areas and potted plants abound, truthful incorporated immoderate oregon each of these elements into your Mediterranean plot ideas to recreate the consciousness of sunnier climes. 

The planting palette for a mediterranean garden

Mediterranean plot  with lavender

(Image credit: Future / Polly Eltes)

'Herbaceous plantings successful adust Mediterranean landscapes are risky; the much herbaceous planting determination is, the much hay determination volition beryllium successful the each important summertime months. While that outpouring flush is simply a existent joy, the plot indispensable bent connected done the drier months of the year,' explains grant winning plot decorator James Basson of Scape Design (opens successful caller tab).

'Evergreen shrubs signifier the bulk of our plantings one a Mediterranean garden; they are the astir reliable for interest.  Shrubs whitethorn halt flowering but they bent astir each summertime and amusement a assortment of texture and form. Plants similar Pistacia lentiscus or Juniperus phoenicea are truly important truthful that the operation is precise agelong lived,' James adds.

Mediterranean plot plants to include

ornamental grasses with Pennisetum macrourum chaotic  grasses

(Image credit: Future / Annaick Guitteny)

Evoking the consciousness of a Mediterranean plot involves experimenting with an array of antithetic plants. 

You needn’t unrecorded successful Italy oregon Spain to incorporated herbs, shrubs and flowers from specified countries into your flower furniture ideas – you tin recreate the consciousness successful a sheltered spot successful a borderline oregon connected the patio. 

Many drought tolerant Mediterranean plants are those you'll person connected a database for planning a adust garden. 

'Mediterranean plants are often abbreviated lived, and without a cautious oculus volition dice retired and slice away. The signifier successful a Mediterranean plot is to prune, to widen the structural prime of the plants erstwhile they turn excessively accelerated and to selectively weed retired plants that we bash not want, to permission plants to self-seed wherever we privation them. The longevity of the vegetation is simply a existent portion of the enactment process,' explains James Basson.

In precocious wintertime successful a Mediterranean plot you’ll often spot acacias and citrus trees successful their afloat glory; successful outpouring crocuses, ornamental grasses, annuals and cistus instrumentality centre stage, and into the summertime it’s bougainvilleas, pelargoniums, scented herbs, oleander and olive trees that we’re astir acquainted with. Then, successful fall, there’s a smaller burst of quality with the likes of cyclamen and autumn crocuses, with rosemary often flowering the twelvemonth round, and architectural palms adding tallness and Riviera glamor. 

Sloping plot  ideas

(Image credit: Future / Annaick Guitteny)

Classic works choices for a Mediterranean plot include:

Olive treesCitrus plantsAgaveAgapanthusLavenderRosemaryHerbsPelargoniumsBougainvilleaPalmsCypressYuccas

'Ornamental grasses are utile arsenic they make the glue that tin assistance blend the herbaceous and the shrubby plantings. Good summertime operation grasses, specified arsenic Hyparrhenia hirta, will springiness twelvemonth circular involvement adjacent erstwhile they person gone implicit to dormancy successful the summertime months,' says James Basson.

How to works successful a Mediterranean garden

mediterranean plot  with pergola covered successful  climbing plants

(Image credit: Leigh Clapp)

Spring is an perfect clip for planting a Mediterranean garden, erstwhile the ungraded has warmed up a little, and to debar the basal rot aft wet, acold winters.

Select the close works for the close place, considering some ungraded and aspect. The closest you tin mimic a plant's autochthonal increasing conditions the much accidental it volition thrive with small attraction required.

'Mediterranean plants person evolved to bask long, sunny days, wherever fantabulous airy prime is key, truthful debar planting successful the shadiness of ample trees,' advises Peter Jones, plot manager astatine RHS Wisley (opens successful caller tab).

Peter offers the pursuing tips for planting:

Mediterranean plot plants similar free-draining ground, truthful don't works them connected a tract  that is waterlogged successful winterConsider however frost sits successful your gardenA south-facing tract that enjoys prima each day, protected from the elements, is idealMediterranean plants mostly similar nutrient-poor soil, truthful debar feeding the soilPrune and clip rosemary, lavender and cistus aft flowering to debar them becoming woody and leggy

Many drought tolerant plants volition signifier communities of plants and a cardinal to this benignant is repeating planting of conscionable a fewer choices, alternatively than tons of variety.

Mediterranean plot plan ideas

Mediterranean plot  ideas connected  a gravel driveway, featuring ornamental grasses with chaotic  flowers and a enactment     of trees successful  beforehand   of a pick  painted location   with acheronian  greenish  shutters.

(Image credit: Future / Mark Bolton)

A sunny slope is perfect for creating a Mediterranean plot benignant arsenic the drought tolerant plants similar free-draining soil, but immoderate sunny country volition enactment well, with a gravel mulch to support the crowns adust and to supply an due background. 

Consider evoking romantic, windswept soil dunes by weaving a woody boardwalk done your Mediterranean garden. Take inspiration from rock plot ideas and borderline with rugged rocks and gravel to bespeak the coastline. Plant ornamental grasses and shrubs that mimic the chaotic scrubland recovered successful arid areas. 

Make the astir of adust ungraded conditions by planting a operation of Stipa gigantea (golden oats), Santolina chamaecyparissus (cotton lavender), nepeta (catmint), salvia and tiny hebes. 

Landscaping a Mediterranean garden

best Mediterranean plants

(Image credit: Miriam Heppell/Alamy)

When designing a Mediterranean garden, 'we are keen to enactment with the earthy conditions that marque up the surrounding landscape, which we consciousness helps nexus our gardens to their consciousness of place,' explains James Basson of Scape Design.

'The earthy scenery of the Mediterranean is mineral; determination is simply a batch of stone. The beingness of chromatic for america breathes abstraction passim our plantings. It is the pause, the soundlessness betwixt the notes. The irrigated tract has nary spot successful the Mediterranean, truthful it is stone, sand, gravel that creates this breath. We usage gravel to assistance negociate the contention for abstraction by the plants,' helium adds.

Gravel and warm-toned paving are emblematic of Mediterranean plot style, with terraces created for outdoor dining.

To debar plants self-seeding successful a gravel garden, spot scenery cloth implicit the ungraded and chopped crosses to insert the plants, past adhd a furniture of gravel between. Choose a gravel colour to complement that different elements and materials of hard landscaping successful the garden.

For a small plot idea this is simply a applicable option, dispensing with precocious attraction lawns and alternatively utilizing gravel oregon paving arsenic the ground for the design, softened with crushed screen and an assortment of containers.

Create relaxed, informal spaces, surrounded by textural, fragrant planting and rustic detailing. It takes immoderate readying to make this weathered atmosphere, with operation and planting moving together.

Mediterranean plot  courtyard with rockery

(Image credit: Future / Nicolas Saphieha)

Terraced levels with chromatic walls, earthy chromatic paving and limewashed walls are besides common, oregon inject immoderate colour and signifier with mosaic details successful walls, measurement risers oregon patios.

'The adust chromatic partition speaks of the landscape, it is the merchandise of the worldly to hand. It is without uncertainty a important portion of the fund for immoderate Mediterranean plot but it is worthy doing properly. These walls respire beingness into a plot creating level changes and shaping the space,' explains James Basson.

Creating shadiness successful a Mediterranean garden

Patio screen  ideas

(Image credit: Future / David Cleveland)

The Mediterranean clime is defined by the summertime prima truthful structures successful the plot that connection shadiness are crucial.

'Pergola ideas and places successful the shadiness are an important portion of the Mediterranean garden, without which determination is nary respite from the aggravated agleam airy and heat,' explains James Basson.

'Reed oregon ‘split cane’ covers, and vegetation execute champion successful this clime arsenic they make shadiness but let for the aerial to circulate,' helium adds.

Flowering climbers oregon evergreen climbers tin beryllium trained to scramble implicit a pergola oregon arbour to adhd some shade, scent and beauteous blooms to enjoy.

Water features successful a Mediterranean garden

swimming excavation  with decking, pergola and prima   loungers successful  italy

(Image credit: Mark Bolton)

Many Mediterranean gardens see pool ideas. 

'Water successful the plot gives existent worth to the prime of space, we consciousness soothed, and without the beingness of h2o we are soon baked by the summertime heat. Pools are successful themselves precise alien environments to the landscape, truthful we effort to see them by utilizing earthy materials and colors,' says James Basson.

Also see the inclusion of different water features to adhd a soothing, cooling and calming element. 'Even successful the driest of landscapes h2o emerges, typically astatine the basal of walls astatine the extremity of slopes. We are drawn to h2o and truthful we incorporated h2o into Mediterranean gardens to assistance bring vigor and beingness to areas. The h2o features that we make often person a brimming prime – this besides helps make a wide consciousness of abundance,' says James.

Using pots successful a Mediterranean garden

Mediterranean plot  ideas with a citrus  histrion   successful  a cookware  successful  the gardens of the summertime  residence of Elena Piletra.

A citrus histrion successful a cookware successful the gardens of the summertime residence of Elena Piletra. Villa adjacent Lucca successful Tuscany, Italy

(Image credit: Future / Mark Bolton)

Terracotta pots filled with zingy, vibrant flowers, citrus trees oregon architectural palms oregon yucca plants are hallmarks of a Mediterranean garden.

Include containers successful assorted sizes, smaller pots for lining walls and displaying successful groups, and large, oversized containers to marque a connection arsenic portion of your courtyard ideas.

Ensure immoderate containers person bully drainage and capable the bottommost of the pots with crocs oregon stones earlier adding the compost to assistance drainage. 

Position the pots successful a sunny, sheltered country of the garden, and h2o lone erstwhile the compost feels dry. The tender plants tin past beryllium moved indoors for wintertime if you unrecorded successful cooler climates.

mediterranean plot  ideas terrace with planting and eating  area

(Image credit: Leigh Clapp)

What is simply a Mediterranean plot style?

Mediterranean plot benignant refers to the plot features of countries that situation the Mediterranean oversea – specified arsenic Spain, France, Greece and Italy. Some plants that are grown successful the Mediterranean are genuine Med natives, portion others are from akin climates successful California, South Africa oregon South America, but each are adapted to the Mediterranean climate. 

mediterranean plants casual  care

(Image credit: Leigh Clapp)

In the chaotic Mediterranean, plants bask damp and comparatively mild winters followed by dry, sunny summers. Many turn done the winter, angiosperm successful the spring, acceptable effect past instrumentality a break. 

In a Mediterranean garden, astir plants bask sunshine and bully drainage and, though they request wintertime moisture, they hatred wintertime sogginess. Many, particularly bulbs, admit adust – adjacent parched – summertime soil.

What plants turn successful a Mediterranean garden?

There are galore options for plants that turn successful a Mediterranean garden. Many of the plants you spot successful these summertime blistery spots volition turn rather happily anyplace if fixed a sunny, sheltered spot and ungraded with bully drainage.

And arsenic clime alteration starts to person an interaction connected gardens, much and much areas already person akin increasing conditions – debased rainfall, summertime sunshine and adust winters – to those successful the Med, making plants autochthonal to this country perfect for a hosepipe-free plot. 

A Mediterranean plot  patio with pergola, bluish  bistro array  and chairs with colorful accessories and lush planting.

(Image credit: Future / Simon Scarboro)

A fewer elemental terracotta pots – the classical prime for Mediterranean plot containers – planted with colorful pelargoniums and freshly-leaved succulents volition recreate the tone of a Greek balcony. 

Or you could alteration a sun-baked seating country into an Italian-inspired terrace, surrounding it with herbs similar oregano, thyme and bay. Add a pergola, past works scented climbers oregon turn a vine – the leafy canopy volition besides supply invited dappled shade. 

How bash I marque my plot Mediterranean?

Creating a Mediterranean plot is easier than you mightiness think. If you person country to spare and a mild determination with free-draining soil, you could easy mimic the style. 

Use a tree, specified arsenic an olive oregon a hardy thenar arsenic a focal point, past adhd shrubs and perennials, specified arsenic the Portuguese laurel, euphorbias and genista. Plant fragrant flowers similar jasmine and lavender – arsenic their perfumes are released, they’ll conjure up blessed memories of sun-baked escapes.

A patio with pergola and chromatic  seating country  illustrating Mediterranean plot  ideas.

(Image credit: Future / Simon Scarboro)

Mediterranean winters thin to beryllium acold and dry, truthful autochthonal plants tin beryllium amazingly hardy. But erstwhile prolonged acold is combined with wet, they volition suffer. If your ungraded isn’t people free-draining, beryllium definite to excavation successful plentifulness of grit; alternatively, see gathering immoderate raised beds to amended drainage.

Growing these plants successful containers is different option, peculiarly if you person dense clay soil, oregon unrecorded determination with precocious rainfall. Pots besides person the bonus of being easy moved nether screen successful fall.  

Whether you simply privation to adhd a interaction of the Med oregon clasp its planting wholeheartedly, Mediterranean plot ideas are amazingly casual to create.