The Complete Guide to Painting Your House


You’ve been portray because you have been a toddler, you say? You would possibly however be shocked that most of the formulations (and a few of the methods) you’ve relied on now not apply. Most areas have all however phased out oil-based paints, and even the dependable alkyds—a synthetic-resin sort with a few of the traits of oil paint—are getting laborious to seek out. The excellent news is that many fashionable paints, primers, prepping options, and components are effectively suited to century-old clapboards and plaster partitions. Environmental considerations have produced a mini increase in earth-friendly linseed-oil and different “pure paints” that carry out effectively.  

Anybody can paint, the saying goes, however it takes talent and data to make the job a hit, which begins and ends with preparation. That goes for inside partitions in addition to more difficult exterior jobs. Even a comparatively intact room could have wall imperfections that ought to be corrected earlier than the primary coat goes on. For a wood-sided exterior, prepping is well two-thirds of the work that goes right into a high-quality paint job.

complete guide to painting your house
Inside jobs require planning earlier than you paint. You’ll have to take away furnishings, masks the room, prep the partitions, and collect provides. Solely after cautious prep work, and infrequently a primer coat, are you able to benefit from the transformation of that ultimate shade.

Selecting The Proper Home Paint

When you’ve chosen colours, select the correct of paint for the applying. Whereas fashionable latex paints are often fantastic for inside partitions in newer homes, lime-based plaster would possibly profit from a breathable, clay-based paint, reminiscent of these from Earthborn Paints.

 When potential, select an alkyd or oil-based primer, even when the end coats might be latex. Waterborne primers can be found, however an oil- or resin-based primer helps create a bond with the wooden or earlier end, earlier than the water-based paint goes on. If utilizing linseed-oil paint, be sure you combine the primer very effectively and apply it in skinny, even coats. 

On the outside, deal with dry or naked,  moisture-starved wooden with an oil-based restorative containing boiled linseed oil, or use a linseed-oil paint reminiscent of these made by Ottosson or Allback. These breathable, petrochemical-free paints gained’t entice moisture underneath the paint’s pores and skin. It’s additionally important to put down a primer coat as soon as the wooden is absolutely prepped and dry. Use a real primer formulation, not simply thinned paint. Once more, even when the end coats might be latex, select an alkyd or oil-based primer, if it’s obtainable.

Getting Began

You’ll want an array of instruments for prepping surfaces and for various paint jobs and forms of paint. Start with high-quality brushes. Good ones have wonderful stability, a easy deal with, and powerful, firmly connected bristles (both synthetic or natural, relying on the paint sort chosen). Bristles ought to  taper barely from the ferrule to fantastic suggestions on the finish. Correctly cared for, a superb brush will final by years of paint jobs. Different necessities embody drop cloths (heavy canvas is extra protecting and forgiving than plastic), quart-sized paint buckets—ideally with a deal with—and paint trays with or with out liners, curler frames with woven nap covers, and 4″ and eight″ extension poles to be used in and out.

There isn’t any one proper method to paint inside partitions, however execs and avid restorers depend on strategies that maximize effectivity whereas producing superior ends in the shortest period of time. Serial-house DIYer Alex Santantonio, of OldTownHome.com, takes a top-down strategy, beginning with the ceiling, then transferring on to crown moulding and door and window casings—all earlier than portray the partitions. After cutting-in round trim with a 2 ½” angle sash brush (see p. 40), he finishes the partitions with a paint curler with a nap of appropriate thickness (¼” to three/8″ for easy surfaces). Final, he paints the baseboard trim. This strategy presents two benefits: any paint drips or splatters won’t hit completed work, and your complete room possibly painted with out counting on painter’s tape to masks.

For exterior portray, most mavens begin with the siding earlier than progressing to trim.  Many execs spray-paint siding to save lots of time, though brushing or rolling paint on the outside could yield higher outcomes, particularly if you’re doing the work your self. Paint on a dry, low-humidity day when temperatures are between 60 and 85 levels F. Don’t paint in direct solar (transfer round the home for shade). Choose a barely bigger brush than you’d use for inside work—3″ or 4″, says Scott Rutledge, vice chairman of promoting for Wooster Brush. In the event you’re utilizing oil-based or alkyd paint, a pure hog-bristle brush is an efficient choice, as a result of the pure oils within the brush enable it to movement oil paint on extra easily. (When used with water-based paints, pure bristles are likely to swell
and get floppy, making paint utility tougher to regulate.)

Use a brush to color clapboards, trim, home windows, and doorways, and to cut-in round corners or adjoining surfaces. Rollers are optimum for broad, flat areas reminiscent of stucco or masonry, however may go effectively on wooden or brick, as effectively. Mini rollers in 4″ and 6″ sizes could save labor on clapboards. Use a long-nap curler to get full protection and to succeed in into crevices. The rougher your floor, the deeper the nap must be.

Enable a a number of hours or a full day between coats. Alkyd and oil-based paints take longer to dry, particularly in humid climates. As soon as the entire siding is primed and painted, use brushes and mini rollers for the trim. For greatest outcomes, trim, too, ought to be primed and given at the least two high coats of paint.

Prepping Earlier than You Paint

Washing is your first step, even outdoors. Take away dust, unfastened paint, and mildew, all of the whereas checking  for different paint issues, rot, and injury to be repaired earlier than portray. Observe with hand-scraping and sanding, taking measures to keep away from inhalation of lead paint. Caulk earlier than portray.

prepping for exterior house painting
Staff end up the trim portray on a fancy Queen Anne home within the San Francisco Bay Space.

Easy methods to Prep for Exterior Portray

The partitions and trim should be clear to ensure that paint to stick. Whereas many painters will recommend power-washing the floor to take away dust and unfastened paint, you need to keep away from this, particularly at a excessive PSI. Water could penetrate to the inside, damaging insulation and plaster. Soaking exterior wooden can arrange your complete paint job for speedy failure.

Clear soiled surfaces with a stiff bristle brush and a bucket of heat water to which is added a phosphate-free TSP substitute. As soon as the floor is totally dry, take away all flaking, unfastened, blistered, or alligatored paint with hand scrapers and putty knives. If there’s any probability of lead paint, put on a respirator, ideally a NIOSH-approved one with the best filter ranking. 

For exterior paint that’s thick and resists scraping, contemplate investing in an EPA-compliant infrared paint remover, like these from Eco-Strip or Silent Paint Remover. Infrared warmth opens wooden pores and warms the paint solely to the purpose the place it may be simply scraped off. Pry out unfastened or dried-out caulk and exchange it with high-quality exterior caulk. As soon as the popping paint has been eliminated, calmly sand any scraped or roughed-up areas to assist the primer adhere.

prepping for interior house painting
Many execs paint the ceiling first, adopted by trim mouldings. The quickest a part of the job—rolling the wall shade—comes final.

Easy methods to Prep for Inside Portray

Take away the furnishings from the room, or push giant items to the middle and canopy them with drop cloths. Then prep the partitions by sanding tough spots. Solid a hand-held mild (reminiscent of a piece mild) throughout the floor at an acute angle and circle any bumps or tough spots with a pencil. Sand and fill with spackle or wooden filler as wanted. Giant gaps round trim could also be crammed in with versatile, paintable caulk. Let dry, sand, and vacuum up all ensuing mud earlier than you start priming.

Chopping In

painting technique
the 1st step:  Begin with the loaded brush about 1″ away from the specified line.
step two: Advance barely and repeat over the prior space, submitting in in the direction of the road.
step three : Proceed to fill in just a few inches at a time.

Chopping-in is a portray talent that apply makes excellent—and getting good at is is price it, as a result of it saves time:

  • Discover a comfy grip on an angle paintbrush, with the longer facet of bristles according to your pointer finger.
  • Dip the comb in paint—not more than 2/3 of the bristle size into paint—and briskly slap off the surplus.
  • Lean the quick finish of the comb onto the work floor an inch or so away out of your desired line.
  • Lean your hand away from the paint line whereas transferring the ends of the bristles towards the road. Don’t rush. As you pull the comb alongside, a bead of paint will type after which disappear because the paint load diminishes.
  • Now advance barely and repeat the method over the prior space, extending the road just a few extra inches.
  • Repeat, refilling the comb as wanted.

Easy methods to Paint Muntins

how to paint windows
LEFT: Bought regular fingers? Use a 1 ½” to 2″ angle sash brush to color muntins shortly, with little cleanup obligatory.
RIGHT: After overlapping paint onto the window glass, use a razor, straight- edge, and slightly cleaning soap to cleanly take away any extra paint.

Window muntins (the slender wooden frames that maintain the glass panes) are tough to color. Execs and expert DIYers usually paint them shortly with a 1 ½” or 2″ inch angle sash brush, with nary a drip. As a novice, contemplate two strategies: Masks the windowpanes with low-stick, detachable painter’s tape earlier than portray. Or barely overpaint muntins so {that a} bead of paint overlaps the glass. Overpainting is the higher alternative for a protecting paint job, particularly if the window glass was freshly changed or reglazed. The paint creates a seal over the putty.  As soon as the paint is dry, you possibly can apply a moist, soapy sponge to the world, then take away any extra utilizing a window-scraper (razor) and a straightedge.

Cleansing up: 1-2-3 

cleaning paint brushes in solvent jars
Arrange a sequence of sealable jars containing solvent and transfer the brushes to progressively cleaner containers.

The cleanup after portray with oil- or alkyd-based paints doesn’t should be nasty. (Be aware: Linseed-oil paints clear up with linseed-oil cleaning soap!) For paints requiring solvents: Arrange three tall, sealable glass containers with simply sufficient denatured alcohol, mineral spirits, or turpentine to cowl the paint-heavy elements of a brush with out its touching the underside. To create clearance between the bristles and the underside of the jar, lay a twist of malleable wire on the backside for the bristle tricks to relaxation on. The coiled wire ought to be ½” to ¾” excessive — tall sufficient to maintain the comb ends out of the paint residue that may settle on the backside. Now:

1. Place a used brush into the primary jar and agitate it to work the solvent into the bristles. Let it sit for at the least 5 minutes and up to some hours.

2. Take away the comb, blot it on paper towels, then repeat the method within the second jar.

3. Repeat once more within the third jar, and the comb ought to be able to reuse. 

Sustaining Your Brushes  

In the event you’re engaged on an all-day paint mission, dried paint tends to gather close to the comb ferrule, which might destroy the comb. Make a behavior of washing the comb each hour or so with heat water and a brush comb.

how to clean paint brushes

STEP 1:  Run heat water over the comb whereas scraping out paint with the comb cleaner’s stainless-steel pins. 

 STEP 2:  When many of the paint is gone, scrub the comb, nonetheless underneath the movement of water, with the bristle facet of the device.

 STEP 3:  When it’s clear, spin the comb backwards and forwards between your palms to launch extra water.

 STEP 4:  Squeeze out remaining water, and the comb is prepared for portray or storage (both hanging from the deal with or again in its unique paper packaging).

Can You Reuse Paint Thinner?

To reuse paint thinner, enable the soiled solvent to take a seat lengthy sufficient for the paint sludge to settle to the underside of the jar. Slowly pour the clear thinner from the highest right into a second, clear jar and put it aside for the subsequent use. Seal the jar that has the sludge, however hold including to it as you’re employed. When it’s full, take it to a hazardous-waste disposal website. Some cities have a hazardous waste-disposal day a couple of times a yr. By no means pour solvents down a sink drain.

painting a home
Earlier than utilizing linseed-oil paint on previous or beforehand painted surfaces, take away as a lot of the previous paint as potential.

Portray Your Residence With Linseed-Oil Paints

Linseed-oil paints and primers are perfect for each previous and new wooden, however require strategies totally different from these used with fashionable paints.   

  • To prime new, sawn, or planed wooden, combine 30 % linseed-oil paint with 70 % linseed oil and blend effectively. (Use uncooked linseed oil on exteriors; boiled on inside partitions.) Let the primer soak into the wooden and dry completely earlier than portray.   
  • For brand spanking new wooden, comply with priming with two skinny coats of undiluted paint utilizing a stiff bristle brush. Let dry between coats.
  • For previous or earlier painted wooden, take away as a lot of the earlier coatings as potential, scraping away paint chips and sweeping up mud. Then scrub the floor with linseed-oil cleaning soap and a stainless-steel scrub pad as wanted.
  • Observe by two coats of linseed oil paint, once more utilizing a stiff bristle brush. On some surfaces, no primer might be wanted.

Sources

paints & finishes
Benjamin Moore
benjaminmoore.com
Alkyd & waterborne int./ext. paints; one-coat int. paint

California Paints
californiapaints.com
Alkyd & latex int./ext. paints

C2 Paint/The Coatings Alliance
c2paint.com
Low-VOC acrylic & water-based alkyd paints

Curator
curatorpaints.com
Colours of Eire in 5 finishes

Farrow & Ball
farrow-ball.com
All water-based finishes; Liberty curated shade line

High-quality Paints of Europe
finepaintsofeurope.com
Premium home paint plus waterborne, acrylic latex & high-gloss oil-based paints

Pratt & Lambert
prattandlambert.com
Acrylic & oil-based exterior paints

Sherwin-Williams
sherwin-williams.com
Int./ext. paints; historic paint shade assortment

Valspar
valspar.com
Int./ext. paints

specialty finishes
AFM Safecoat
safecoatpaint.com
Plant-based oil paints

Bioshield
bioshieldpaint.com
Clay and solvent-free paints & pigments

The Coloration Folks
colorpeople.com
Customized shade schemes for each fashion/period, nationwide

Earthborn
earthbornpaints.co.uk
Protected paints with historic inspiration

Earth+Flax Paints
earthandflax.com
Ottosson, Viking, Allback linseed-oil paints & merchandise

Epifanes
epifanes.com
Marine primers, paints, finishes for wooden

Homestead Home
homesteadhouse.ca
VOC-free acrylic int./ext; milk paint

Previous-Normal Milk Paint Co.
milkpaint.com
Natural milk paint; specialty finishes (crackle, beeswax)

Previous Village Paint Colours
old-village.com
Milk, oil-based, latex in genuine interval colours

Olde Century Colours
oldecenturycolors.com
Latex & simulated milk paint in historic colours

Actual Milk Paint Co.
realmilkpaint.com
Mixable non-toxic milk paints; additive for ext. surfaces

Sage Restoration
sagerestoration.com
Allback linseed-oil paints; pure cleaners

Solvent Free Paint
solventfreepaint.com
Natural linseed-oil paint

strippers & instruments
American Worldwide Software
paintshaver.com
Paintshaver paint-removal instruments & orbital sanders

Eco-Strip
eco-strip.com
Speedheater infrared paint remover & instruments

Franmar Chemical
franmar.com
Eco-friendly paint strippers

Hyde
hydetools.com
Full line of prep instruments, scrapers, energy washers

Purdy
purdy.com
Skilled brushes & paint instruments

Silent Paint Remover
silentpaintremover.com
Infrared-heat paint removing

Wagner
wagnerspraytech.com
FLEXiO paint sprayers & professional programs

Stinger Brush
stingerbrush.com
Authentic multifilament brush for edging & basic/professional portray

Wooster Brush Co.
woosterbrush.com
Full line of portray provides



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